What if I told you that one of the top mathematicians of today makes discoveries in his field through valuable playtime?  It’s true!  And he is not the only one.  Just think about why children play.  For a child, playtime is work.  It is their way of figuring out how the world works as they grow up.  But why does it have to stop at adulthood?  It doesn’t, and it shouldn’t.  For someone such as number theorist Manjul Bhargava, playtime is his way of figuring out how the world works.  And he is very good at it!  In fact, he won a Fields Medal in 2014.  (A Fields Medal is only one of the highest honors a mathematician can receive, akin to a Nobel Prize.)

And how does he play?  For one, he is an artist.  He studies Sanskrit poetry and is an accomplished musician.  Both of these pursuits are rich in mathematics.  Did you know that Sanskrit poetry has the Fibonacci numbers?  I talked about Fibonacci numbers in the previous posts Flowers and Fibonacci and Fibonacci Fun.  Except, in India, the numbers in the famous sequence are called the Hemachandra numbers.

How else does he play?  His office at Princeton University is littered with mathematical toys such as Rubik’s Cubes, Zometools, and puzzles.  And what studies about Fibonacci/Hemachandra numbers would be complete without a collection of pine cones?  These toys are not fun and games.  But, maybe they really are?  Either way, Rubik’s cubes helped Bhargava to solve a 200-year-old number theory problem while he was still a graduate student at Princeton.  Talk about the power of play!

If you want to read more about this accomplished mathematician, check out the following article in Quanta magazine:   2014 Fields Medal and Nevanlinna Prize Winners Announced

Jim Simons: Renaissance Mathematician

Jim Simons is a man who has lived a full life as a mathematician.  While doing mathematical research and laying the foundation for string theory, he also cracked codes for the NSA.  He then went into cracking Wall Street, applying mathematics to investments and becoming wealthy.  He is now active with his Simons Foundation, which supports math and science education and autism research.  Watch this TED talk to find out more.

A Rare Interview with the Mathematician who Cracked Wall Street

Dodgson if and only if Carroll

If I expound on the wonders of the mathematics done by Charles Dodgson, you just might look at me and wonder who the heck I am talking about.  Now, if I mention Lewis Carroll and his book Alice in Wonderland, then we might be on the same page.  It turns out that Charles Dodgson = Lewis Carroll, and, yes, he was a mathematician.  In reading the stories, you can see the author’s familiarity with the study of logic; but you might also be delighted by the fictional plot.  The British Queen Victoria was very delighted.  In fact, after reading Alice in Wonderland and Alice Through the Looking Glass, the queen wanted a copy of Carroll’s very next book.  I would love to have been a fly on the wall when she received a book called An Elementary Treatise on Determinants.  Yes, he was a mathematician.  (1)